Glossary of Terms

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Introduction to the Glossary

Glossary compiled by Ashley Bennink, a doctoral candidate in the Departamento de Filología Española at the Universidad de Oviedo, España.

Download the Entire Glossary  |  En Español

1. The Data and Its Organization

The following data has been selected to show the dialectal variation in Spanish terms related to sexuality and domestic or gender violence, including relevant parts of the body.  The terms have been organized in three general blocks: 1) Parts of the Body, 2) Sexuality and Reproduction, 3) Violence, Trauma and Mental Health.

In each of the three blocks, series of concepts taken from the LexMed database ([1]  are grouped together (see section 3).  For each concept, groups of related terms are offered that represent not only lexical and phonetic variations but also pertinent phrases.  Additionally, we have included, in some cases, beliefs relevant to the concept.  For example, under the concept of pregnancy, beliefs that have to do with pregnancy and gender violence have been included.

Within the list of terms and concepts, other data that may be relevant to the research project has been added.  Specifically, alongside each term we have offered the source from which it was taken, its origin according to those sources and, in some cases, other notes from the analysis of the original text whenever deemed of interest or significance.

2. Sample of the Information Provided in the Spreadsheets and Relevant Abbreviations

Concepto (castellano) Concepto (inglés) Término Fuentes Origen Notas
artejos, nudillos knuckles bisagra ALEC CO
artejos, nudillos knuckles canillas ALM MX
artejos, kudillos knuckles centuras (del dedo) ALEC CO
artejos, nudillos knuckles chozuela ALM MX
artejos, nudillos knuckles cintura (de los dedos) ALEC CO
artejos, nudillos knuckles codillo / coditos / codo (de los dedos / del dedo) ALEC, ALM CO, MX
artejos, nudillos knuckles conso ALM MX


ALCR «Pequeño atlas lingüísticos de Costa Rica»
ALEC Atlas Lingüístico-Etnográfico de Colombia
ALM Atlas lingüístico de México
ALPR El español en Puerto Rico: Contribución a la geografía lingüística hispanoamericana
EMX El español de México: estudios, mapas, textos
ERD El español en la República Dominicana. Estudios, mapas, textos
ESEU El español en el sur de los Estados Unidos. Estudios, encuestas, textos
LCHC Léxico del cuerpo humano en Colombia
LCyH «El léxico del cuerpo humano en Colombia y en Honduras»
MLP «Muestra de léxico panantillano: el cuerpo humano»
VARX Varilex Project

Country of Origin:

Ar Argentina Gu Guatemala
An Antilles Ho Honduras
Bo Bolivia Mx Mexico
Ch Chile Ni Nicaragua
Co Colombia Pa Panama
CR Costa Rica Py Paraguay
Cu Cuba Pe Peru
Ec Ecuador PR Puerto Rico
ES El Salvador RD Dominican Republic
Spain Ur Uruguay
EU United States Ve Venezuela

3. Concept List

1.  Parts of the Body

1.1. Anus 1.10. Foot
1.2. Knuckles 1.11. Fist
1.3. Face 1.12. Pubis
1.4. Gluteus, Buttocks 1.13. Blood
1.5. Nape of the neck 1.14. Semen
1.6. Palm of the hand 1.15. Testicles
1.7. Chest, breast (woman) 1.16. Vagina
1.8. Penis 1.17. Belly
1.9. Nipple 1.18. Vulva

2.   Sexuality and Reproduction

2.1. To abort / to lose the pregnancy 2.7. Orgasm
2.2. Abortion / loss of pregnancy 2.8. Prostitute
2.3. Pregnant (to be) 2.9. Brothel
2.4. Pregnancy 2.10. To have sexual relations
2.5. Sterile (woman) 2.11. Virgin (woman)
2.6. Menstruation 2.12. Virginity

3.   Violence, Trauma and Mental Health

3.1. To stab 3.20. To whimper, to whine
3.2. To scratch, to scrape 3.21. To hit
3.3. Scratch, scrape 3.22. To cry, to sob
3.4. Slap 3.23. Crazy
3.5. Drunkenness 3.24. Craziness
3.6. Drunk 3.25. To kill
3.7. Bruise 3.26. To bite
3.8. Bump, lump 3.27. Bite
3.9. Scar 3.28. Beating
3.10. To scar 3.29. Kick
3.11. Anger 3.30. Pinch
3.12. Cut 3.31. Argumentative, quarrelsome
3.13. Head injury 3.32. To stomp, to step on
3.14. To injure the head 3.33. Knife wound, stab wound
3.15. Deflower 3.34. Punch
3.16. To break one’s neck 3.35. Fright, shock
3.17. To get drunk 3.36. Sob, cry
3.18. Sexually aroused 3.37. To suffer a lot
3.19. To moan, to whine



[1] BENNINK, ASHLEY: LexMed Base de datos [en línea]. Corpus de variantes dialectales del español sobre la salud y la enfermedad <> [Fecha de la consulta]